The European Commission asked the court to apply “financial penalties” following a high-profile clash between its president Ursula von der Leyen and Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki in Strasbourg last week. The Polish zloty has lot 5% of its value against USD in last 60 days.
The court says Poland has not acted to abolish a new Disciplinary Chamber of the Supreme Court, which gives the government the ability to discipline judges.
The EU says the chamber undermines judicial independence.
It is unclear whether Warsaw will agree to pay the fines. Its own constitutional court has ruled that Polish law takes precedence over that of the EU.