The act on renewable energy sources passed by PiS eliminates the system of discounts that could be used by the owners of photovoltaic panels. This may affect the popularity of photovoltaics. The companies, however, are confident about their future. Even if the interest in panels drops, it will only be for a while.
On December 2, the Sejm passed the act on renewable energy sources, and President Andrzej Duda signed it on December 15. This means that from April 1, 2022, new rules will apply to everyone who decides to install photovoltaic panels.
“In order to ensure further stable development of civic energy in the long term, it is necessary to introduce changes in the current prosumer settlement system. This is the next, necessary step towards transforming the electricity market in Poland. This will allow for greater integration of renewable energy sources with the national power system. ”- explains the Ministry of the Environment in the explanations for the changes.
The act abolishes the system of discounts in force so far, replacing them with the so-called net-billing. What will the changes consist of in practice? Currently, the prosumer gives away the surplus of energy produced by photovoltaic panels during the day, and in the evening, when the installation no longer produces energy, he has the option to download 80 or 70 percent. (depending on the size of the installation) of the energy fed into the power grid earlier. The net-billing system assumes a separate settlement of the value (not the amount) of electricity introduced to the power grid and electricity taken from the power grid, based on the value of energy determined according to the exchange price.
From the calculations made by Dr. Jan Rączka, former president of the National Environmental Protection Fund, for the Polish Smog Alert, it follows that after the changes, based on the forecast prices in 2022, the profitability of investments in photovoltaics will be between 8.69 and 9.93 years. It will extend, depending on the provider, by up to 3.5 years.